UN Agencies in Mongolia
The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) has a history of partnership with the Government of Mongolia (GoM), to eradicate poverty and malnutrition through the development of the agriculture sector. It has, also, been
an active partner of the government in protecting the environment and promoting sustainable development and disaster risk management strategies of the country. All of those collaboration has started since 1973, when Mongolia became of a member
of the FAO and the country office was accredited through the FAO Office in Beijing, China. In July 2009, a dedicated FAO Mongolia Office was established in Ulaanbaatar;with the FAO Representative in China accredited as its head. Over the past years, FAO has supported interventions in research, natural resources management, technology transfer, food and agriculture policy, livestock production systems management, emergency and post crisis management, forestry information, statistics, food security
and nutrition, emergency response operations, crop production system management, and food quality and safety.
Mongolia, a member of the ILO since 1968, recognized fundamental principles and rights at work by ratifying ILO’s all eight fundamental conventions. Eliminating child and forced labour, ensuring freedom of association and prohibiting non-discrimination in employment are the key areas where ILO provides its technical support and expertise. The country’s national tripartite social dialogue, introduced and supported by the ILO in early 1990s, brings government, workers and employers to discuss policies and programmes, and other decisions that affect social partners. Current ILO programmes, to name a few, focused on improving labour governance, promoting decent work, enhancing income security for all through the implementation of a social protection floor and ensuring occupational safetyand health at work.
Established in 1951, IOM is the UN Migration Agency and works closely with governmental, intergovernmental and non-governmental partners. With 165 member states, a further 8 states holding observer status and offices in over 100 countries, IOM is dedicated to promoting humane and orderly migration for the benefit of all. It does so by providing services and advice to governments, civil society and migrants. IOM has been working in Mongolia since 2007. In 2008 Mongolia became a member state and, after signing a cooperation agreement, in 2011 IOM opened an office in Ulaanbaatar.
UNAIDS – JOINT UNITED NATIONS PROGRAMME ON HIV/AIDS
The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) unites the efforts of 11 UN organizations and works closely with global and national partners towards ending the AIDS epidemic by 2030. As a focal point for information, expertise and resources, UNAIDS in Mongolia plays a critical role in connecting UN agencies, government and development partners and civil society organisations to achieve their joint visions.
UNITED NATIONS CHILDREN’S FUND
UNICEF has worked in Mongolia for over 50 years for the well-being of children through programmes of cooperation with the Government. UNICEF’s overall objective is to ensure better equity for all children in Mongolia, especially the most disadvantaged, and the creation of a policy environment for the promotion and protection of their rights. Mongolia presents some unique features such as dispersed population over a vast territory and under extreme climate conditions. This makes service delivery for children very challenging, especially for those living in poverty or in remote areas. Persisting disparities and unaddressed child issues are a priority for UNICEF that seeks to have a sustainable impact by influencing social policies, systems and budgets for children, strongly connected with delivering results for children at the local level. By helping children reach their full potential, UNICEF contributes to Mongolia’s sustainable development and a future built on the most important resource each Country has: its human capital and its new generations.
UNITED NATIONS DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME
UNDP opened its representative office in Ulaanbaatar in 1973 after more than a decade of successful cooperation with the Government of Mongolia. The ultimate goal of UNDP is to improve the lives of the people of Mongolia, especially the poorest and most vulnerable, and to work towards a future that offers equality, dignity and opportunity for all. In all our activities, we encourage the protection of human rights and the empowerment of women, minorities and the poorest and most vulnerable.
As part of the Global Agenda 2030 for sustainable development, to end global poverty, fight equality, protect the planet and ensure that all human beings enjoy peace and prosperity without leaving anyone behind, UNDP’s network links and coordinates the national efforts to reach the Sustainable Development Goals for development, disaster risk reduction and climate change as they help shape global sustainable development for the next 15 years.
The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) is mandated to lead and co-ordinate international action to protect refugees and resolve refugee problems worldwide. Its primary purpose is to safeguard the rights and well-being of refugees. It strives to ensure that everyone can exercise the right to seek asylum and find safe refuge in another State, with the option to return home voluntarily, integrate locally or to resettle in a third country. It also is a mandated to help stateless people.
Mongolia is not a party to the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees and its 1967 Protocol. However, Mongolia has been moving towards accession to the 1951 Convention through conducting the Cabinet deliberations that resulted in affirmation to accession, followed by the Government’s recommendation for review by the National Security Council on 27 April 2009.
The Government of Mongolia has been pursuing a humanitarian policy in regard to asylum seekers and refugees in Mongolia and has in general respected the international customary law of non-refoulement and allows their temporary stay until a durable solution is found for them. In the absence of an asylum system administered and managed by the Government of Mongolia, in the exercise of its mandate UNHCR remains in charge of documenting, registering and determining refugee status eligibility for asylum seekers in Mongolia. UNHCR also provides living and accommodation assistance to refugees.
In order to assist Mongolia to establish a fair and accessible asylum administration and management system, UNHCR is working with the Government of Mongolia and other relevant parties such as the Parliament, media, academia, NGOs/Civil Society to promote and advocate for the accession to the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees and its 1967 Protocol.
UNITED NATIONS HUMAN SETTLEMENTS PROGRAMME (UN-HABITAT)
UN-HABITAT, is the United Nations agency for human settlements. It was established in 1978 and it is mandated by the UN General Assembly to promote socially and environmentally sustainable towns and cities with the goal of providing adequate shelter for all.
UN-HABITAT’s work is directly related to the United Nations Millennium Declaration, particularly the goals of member States to improve the lives of at least 100 million slum dwellers by the year 2020, Target 11, Millennium Development Goal No. 7, and Target 10 which calls for the reduction by half of the number without sustainable access to safe drinking water.
UN-HABITAT’s strategic vision is anchored in a four-pillar strategy aimed at attaining the goal of Cities without Slums. This strategy consists of advocacy of global norms, analysis of information, field-testing of solutions and financing. These fall under the four core functions assigned to the agency by world governments – monitoring and research, policy development, capacity building and financing for housing and urban development.
UN-HABITAT has been working in Mongolia since 2006 addressing the larger issues of human settlements and urbanization particularly focusing on Ger area development through integrated and community-led approaches with close cooperation of national and local governments.
UN-HABITAT provided technical assistance to the Municipality of Ulaanbaatar in preparation of Ger Area Upgrading Strategy of Ulaanbaatar City which was approved by Citizens Representative Council in 2007. To take the Strategy forward, UN-HABITAT has implemented the “Community-Led Ger Area Upgrading in Ulaanbaatar City Project” to improve the lives of 50,000 ger area families through the support of the Government of Japan.
UNITED NATIONS POPULATION FUND
For over 30 years, the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) has worked with the Government of Mongolia to expand the possibilities for women and young people to lead healthy and productive lives. UNFPA’s work in Mongolia is focused on achieving universal access to sexual and reproductive health and rights, promoting gender equality, ensuring every young person’s potential is fulfilled, and supporting the collection, dissemination and use of disaggregated population data for the development of policies and programs.
UNITED NATIONS VOLUNTEERS
Mission: UNV contributes to peace and development by advocating for recognition of volunteers, working with partners to integrate volunteerism into development programming, and mobilizing an increasing number and diversity of volunteers, including experienced UN Volunteers, throughout the world. More than 320 international and national UN Volunteers have supported development of Mongolia since 1987. Deepened interest to develop national volunteer infrastructure in Mongolia through evidence based action and dialogue. Enhanced recognition on and participation in volunteering by people of Mongolia, in particular youth.
WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION
The history of World Health Organization in Mongolia is a story of over half a century of collaboration, going back to 18 April 1962. Over the past five decades, WHO had made significant contributions to implementation of Mongolia’s national policies and efforts to improve health and social well-being of the people of Mongolia. WHO supported the country’s health system development focusing on reducing maternal and child mortality and morbidity, introducing universal childhood immunization programme, restructuring and financing healthcare services and health insurance, supporting human resource development, strengthening health information systems and establishing multi-sectoral integrated approaches for health promotion.
WHO continues supporting Mongolia through its Ministry of Health and Sports prioritising strengthening of sub-national health systems, supporting access to quality primary health services including essential emergency and surgical care, reducing maternal and infant mortality through introducing early essential newborn care, preventing from non-communicable and communicable diseases, strengthening public health emergency and response, improving environmental and occupational health, supporting technology development, improving essential drugs supply, revising financing mechanisms of health services for vulnerable populations, sustaining immunization financing, developing human resources and managerial capacity and improving licensing and accreditation of health personnel and facilities.
PICTORIAL BROCHURE OF UN AGENCIES IN MONGOLIA